Deep Purple is a British hard rock band from Hertford, Hertfordshire, England. Formed in 1968, he is considered one of the founders of the hard rock genre with Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath. During its fifty years of existence, the band is still made up of five musicians (a singer, a guitarist, a bassist, a drummer and an organist), but it has undergone several changes of personnel that have determined its musical evolution. The hallmarks of Deep Purple's sound for most of its existence are Ritchie Blackmore's Fender Stratocaster and Jon Lord's Hammond Organ. Deep Purple is considered one of the largest British rock bands and has sold more than 130 million albums worldwide since its inception.
During its first two years of existence, the original quintet records three albums influenced by the psychedelic current and classical music. The arrival in 1969 of the singer Ian Gillan and the bassist Roger Glover gives place to the most splendid period of the group, with the albums In Rock and Machine Head (with the tube Smoke on the Water ) and the outstanding public recording Made in Japan . After the departure of Gillan and Glover in 1973, their successors David Coverdale and Glenn Hughes directed the band's music in a soul and funk direction, a development reinforced by the arrival of guitarist Tommy Bolin, Ritchie Blackmore's replacement, in 1975. group separates the following year.
The emblematic formation of the early 1970s was reformed in 1984, but its composition fluctuated during the following ten years, dominated by the confrontational relations between Ian Gillan and Ritchie Blackmore: the first left the group again from 1989 to 1992, while the second definitively slammed the door in 1993. Deep Purple found some stability with the arrival of his replacement Steve Morse the following year. Since then, the band has continued to produce hard rock albums while giving concerts around the world at a steady pace. He is inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2016.
In the summer of 1967, former Searchers drummer Chris Curtis (en) convinces London businessman Tony Edwards to finance his idea. He wants to form a supergroup called Roundabout, conceived as a carousel (" roundabout "): around a stable core of musicians, various artists would be invited to go on stage to play briefly with them before giving way to the next one. To form the nucleus of the group, Curtis recruits the classically trained organist Jon Lord, formerly The Artwoods, and studio guitarist Ritchie Blackmore, ex-Savages (en) (among others). As bassist, Lord suggests Nick Simper, with whom he plays at the same time within the Flower Pot Men, whose song "Let's Go to San Francisco " becomes a hit of autumn 1967>. However, the Roundabout project never really takes off, and Curtis' increasingly crazy ideas leave the investors trio composed of Tony Edwards, John Coletta and Ronald Hire (HEC Enterprises) uneasy. Curtis ends up giving up the group, while Lord and Simper go on to perform in Germany with the Flower Pot Men. Blackmore and Lord are still in contact with Edwards, Coletta and Hire>.