Grateful Dead [ ɡ ɹ e ɪ t f < span title = "[ə]" e "in" chorus "."> ə l d ɛ < / span> d ] is an American rock band from Palo Alto, California >>>. It was formed in 1965 and dissolved in 1995 (with however one last meeting in 2015). He is considered one of the leading exponents of the psychedelic movement, but has an eclectic musical style that combines elements from rock, psychedelic music, experimental music, modal jazz, country, folk, bluegrass, blues, reggae and space rock >>>. Their performances consist of long instrumental jams >>>. Throughout its history, the group's concerts have been recorded and a large number of them have officially appeared, while others are exchanged between fans, the "deadheads", who constitute a particularly active and faithful community.
Grateful Dead has its roots in the "Mother McCree's Uptown Jug Champions", a jug band formed in early 1964 by Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir and Ron McKernan, nicknamed "Pigpen". The latter suggests in the fall to switch to electricity, following the model groups of the incipient British Invasion, Beatles and Rolling Stones in mind. Bob Weir switched to rhythm guitar, and the band, renamed "The Warlocks", was joined by Bill Kreutzmann (drums) and Dana Morgan Jr. (bass). The latter is the son of Dana Morgan, owner of a musical instrument store in Palo Alto where Garcia and Kreutzmann give classes.
The Warlocks give their first concert on May 5, 1965 in a pizzeria in Menlo Park, the Magoo's Pizza Parlor. Their repertoire then consists entirely of covers of Chuck Berry or Bob Dylan, as well as classic blues. Dana Morgan Jr. is quickly dismissed to make way for Phil Lesh, a friend of Jerry Garcia, a trumpet player of classical training influenced by free jazz and contemporary scholarly music including that of Edgar Varese. Lesh plays for the first time with the Warlocks on June 18th at Frenchy's, a Hayward Box. The band made a name for themselves and built their first San Francisco area bar experience, in San Mateo, Redwood City or Belmont, and began making lengthy improvisations inspired by John Coltrane's music.
On November 3, 1965, the Warlocks have the opportunity to audition for Autumn Records at Golden Gate Studios. They record a six-song demo that was unpublished at the time, as the record company chooses not to retain it. A few weeks later, Lesh discovers that there is another group called "The Warlocks". After much hesitation, the musicians end up renaming themselves "Grateful Dead", an expression that Garcia would have found by opening a dictionary at random (in October 1989, they play under their own name). former name at two concerts in Hampton).