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Iron butterfly

Iron Butterfly is an American rock band from San Diego, California. Formed in 1966, the group is best known for its 1968 In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida 17-minute song. It is sometimes considered a precursor of heavy metal.

Iron Butterfly was formed in 1966 in San Diego. It consists of four members: Doug Ingle (vocals and organ), Jack Pinney (drums), Danny Weis (guitar) and Greg Willis (bass). A fifth musician, Darryl DeLoach (song and tambourine) soon joins them. When the group leaves San Diego for Los Angeles, Willis and Pinney are replaced by Jerry Penrod and Bruce Morse, the latter leaving his place quickly to Ron Bushy. It was this quintet who signed with Atco Records (a division of Atlantic Records) in 1967 and recorded his first album, Heavy, during the year.

After the release of this album in January 1968, Penrod, DeLoach and Weis leave the band. Ingle and Bushy are joined by Lee Dorman (bass) and the young Erik Braunn (guitar), only 17 years old, for the second album of the group, In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida, which appears in July of the same year. The long title song is carried by a heady riff that serves as a basis for guitar solos, organ and drums. Despite a mediocre sound (the song would have been recorded during a warm-up lap), a 3-minute version is released in 45 laps and ranks n> 30 in the United States. The album received a triumphant welcome and broke records by being sold to 8 million copies in a single year. In all, the album sold 30 million copies. and becomes platinum multiple times. Despite these impressive figures, with the exception of Doug Ingle, who owns the rights to the song, it seems that most of the band's musicians have not made a fortune. He is certified gold by the RIAA in December 1968.

Iron Butterfly's next album, Ball (1969), is in turn a success, ranking 3> in the United States. On the next album, Erik Braunn is replaced by two guitarists, Mike Pinera and Larry Reinhardt. The group can not confirm its success; his fourth album, Metamorphosis (1970), shortly preceded the departure of Doug Ingle, which led to a first separation of Iron Butterfly in 1971.

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