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krautrock is a musical genre that emerged in the late 1960s, mostly represented by groups from West Germany. It is often considered as a musical sub-genre of progressive rock, like the zeuhl in France, for example. If the style was successful only in Germany at the time, apart from Tangerine Dream, Klaus Schulze and Kraftwerk, it was a resurgence of interest in the 1980s, when the peak of style was at mid-1970s. Very keen on electronic music, krautrock will be one of the main influences of ambient, post-rock or new age.
The term "krautrock" is attributed to the German experimental rock movement in the late 1960s and early 1970s by the British trade press, and was ironically practitioners>. The term is originally pejorative> and is used by the British press (such as New Musical Express and Melody Maker), from which derives a largely restricted or underground audience. The term derives from kraut (sauerkraut), and its use by the specialized press stems from the song Mama Düül und Ihre Sauerkrautband Spielt Auf by Amon Düül >>>>>. The musicologist Julian Cope, in his book Krautrocksampler, explains that "krautrock is a subjectively British fashion" based on how the term emerged in the UK rather than German musical scene from which it flows>.
The German experimental and electronic scene emerges in the context of the psychedelic movement, pop art, and student and protest political movements, marked by the Berlin riots of 1967. In addition, there is the influence of contemporary music, notably Karlheinz Stockhausen. According to Julian Cope, the work Hymnen, composed in 1966 by Karlheinz Stockhausen, is scandalous, the various hymns, including the German anthem, are distorted on the background of electronic music. The young German groups recognize Stockhausen as a tutelary figure, but do not necessarily follow his theoretical precepts. They find especially a source of inspiration in the current of minimalist repetitive American music, that of La Monte Young, Terry Riley, Steve Reich or Philip Glass.