The Red Hot Chili Peppers (sometimes abbreviated RHCP or simply Red Hot ) are an American rock band from Los Angeles, California . He was formed in 1983 by Anthony Kiedis (vocals) and Michael Balzary (nicknamed "Flea", bass), joined by Hillel Slovak (guitar) and Jack Irons (drums). The Red Hot Chili Peppers adopt a strong artistic identity from the beginning, which will make the group famous: scenic performances considered energetic and marginal, technical and instrumental virtuosity, as well as profound texts on themes such as friendship, love, sexuality and drugs. The music of the Red Hot Chili Peppers is characterized by the mixing of several musical genres, such as funk rock, alternative rock, funk metal and rap rock. In 1983, the quartet signed a first contract with EMI Records. However, Hillel Slovak and Jack Irons are also engaged with the band What Is This, and are replaced respectively by Jack Sherman and Cliff Martinez for the release of the first album The Red Hot Chili Peppers in 1984.
After the dissolution of What Is This ?, the band reinstated its original members and recorded Freaky Styley (1985) and The Uplift Mofo Party Plan (1987). In 1988, Hillel Slovak died of a heroin overdose. Jack Irons is depressed and leaves the group. John Frusciante, a big fan of the Red Hot Chili Peppers, is hired to replace Slovak, while Chad Smith officiates as a new drummer. In 1989, the group recorded Mother's Milk, which gives it an international reputation. In 1991, the quartet changed labels for Warner Bros Records and began a long collaboration with producer Rick Rubin. The group reached consecration with the release of the album Blood Sugar Sex Magik and its five singles, including Give It Away, Under the Bridge and Suck My Kiss that propel it on stages around the world. The ensuing tour is marked by the departure of John Frusciante, who does not support this sudden and dark notoriety in drug addiction. Dave Navarro succeeds him for the recording of his only album with the group, One Hot Minute, in 1995.
After several years of care, Frusciante reinstated the Red Hot Chili Peppers in 1999, registering Californication. The album, which includes the singles Scar Tissue and Californication, is a new international success for the band. After the albums By The Way (2002) and Stadium Arcadium (2006) and the success of their respective tours, John Frusciante leaves the group again in 2009 to focus on his personal projects. He is replaced by one of his friends, with whom he worked in the Ataxia group, Josh Klinghoffer. Two years later, the band released I'm With You, the first album with Klinghoffer on guitar, which brings new musical influences to the band, with the incorporation of electronic music elements. In 2016, after almost twenty years of work with Rick Rubin, the Red Hot Chili Peppers changed producers and chose Danger Mouse for the recording of the album The Getaway.
In 1983 in Los Angeles, a group of friends from Fairfax High School composed of Anthony Kiedis on vocals, Hillel Slovak on guitar, "Flea" (real name Michael Balzary) on bass guitar and Jack Irons At the drums is invited to perform in a striptease bar in Los Angeles. They have a song and took LSD when they start their set. Seeing that they are robbed by the strippers, they decide to make a completely naked recall with just a sock on the penis. It is a success that will allow them to reproduce the experience and trigger a collective hysteria that will quickly go around the city. Alerted by the fury around the group (originally named Tony Flow and the Miraculously Majestic Masters of Mayhem), EMI Group will offer them a contract. This is the beginning of a long series of misfortunes that will strike the group for many years.