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Howard Leslie Shore , born October 18, 1946 in Toronto, is a Canadian film composer, conductor, orchestrator and saxophonist. He is best known for the music of the three-part trilogy The Lord of the Rings, directed by Peter Jackson, which earned him two Academy Awards (for The Ring Community and The Return of the King) and whose themes have entered popular culture. He also composed the music of the trilogy The Hobbit (also directed by Peter Jackson), prequel to the Lord of the Rings.
Howard Shore studied composition with John Bavicci at the Berklee College of Music in Boston in 1969, and later co-founded rock band Lighthouse, consisting of Skip Prokop, Paul Hoffert, Ralph Cole, Bob McBride, Larry Smith, and himself. In the group, Shore plays alto saxophone and flute, also composing songs. From 1969 to 1972, Shore recorded with Lighthouse. As a member of the band, Shore also works for radio and composes music for television shows of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC).
With a small group of friends, including producer, screenwriter and Canadian actor Lorne Michaels, he creates the television show Saturday Night Live. From 1975 to 1980, Shore was music director, under the authority of Michaels, for the first five seasons of the show he composed the theme song, also playing saxophone. The constraints of a weekly show lead him to compose very quickly music of different kinds. Shore is therefore prepared to work for all genres of film.