The Lothlórien or simply Lórien is a woodland area devised by the British writer J. R. R. Tolkien . It is described especially in the first volume of The Lord of the Rings, The Brotherhood of the Ring.
At the end of the Third Age, it is one of the centers of resistance against Sauron and a symbol of the aesthetics and preservation of Elves. It offers a space "out of time" for the people who live there and its visitors. With the Lórien, Tolkien reconciles in a new way the different presentations of the temporal distortion inherent to the land of Elves in Thomas the Rhymer ( XIII - XIV centuries) or in The Hill of Elves (Elverhøj) by Friedrich Kuhlau (1828)>.
The name Lórien is originally that of the house and gardens of Vala Irmo in Valinor; he himself is more frequently called by the same name. The domain of this Vala being dreams and visions, this is reflected in Lórien, which means more or less "(country of?) Dream" in Quenya. Lot means "flower" in Sindarin, and the Lothlórien name is therefore of mixed form; it is translated by Barbebois into "Dream Flower". However, Lórien can also be analyzed in the light of the laure element "gold", which, with the classical suffix -ien, would give "Pays d'Or", and for Lothlórien "Pays aux fleurs d'or". The double meaning is probably desired.
The oldest known name of the Lórien is Lindórinand "Valley of the Country of the Singers", of nandorine origin: Tolkien explains that one finds there Lindar, the name that give themselves to Teleri, of which are out Nandor. After the introduction of mellyrn in the forest, the names it receives refer to the gold leaf of these trees, starting with its new name nandorin, Lórinand "Golden Valley", an alteration of the old name Lindórinand, with the equivalent of Quenya Laurenandë and Sindarin Glornan or Nan Laur. The same goes for Laurelindórinan or Laurelindórenan "Golden Valley Singing", mentioned in The Lord of the Rings twice: by Barbebois to Merry and Pippin (Book III, Chapter 4), and by Faramir to Frodo and Sam ( Book IV, chapter 5). A later note from Tolkien explains that this name echoed that of Laurelin, one of the Two Trees of Valinor.