King Crimson is a British progressive rock band from London, England. With albums such as In the Court of the Crimson King (1969) or Red (1974), he is considered one of the major representatives of progressive rock.
The composition of the group has continually changed throughout its history. Robert Fripp is the only permanent member, but he said he does not necessarily consider himself to be his leader. For him, King Crimson is above all "a way of doing things", a musical constancy that has persisted throughout the group's history.
In August 1967, Michael and Peter Giles, two brothers from Bournemouth, Dorset, make an announcement: they are looking for an organist who sings for their new band >>>. It is another Bournemouth musician, Robert Fripp, who answers them. Although Fripp is a guitarist who does not sing, he joins the Giles brothers to found Giles, Giles and Fripp. The trio records several singles and an album, The Cheerful Insanity of Giles, Giles and Fripp, which alternate eccentric pop songs and worked instrumental tracks. Despite some radio and TV appearances, success escapes them.
To diversify their sound, Giles, Giles & Fripp recruit Ian McDonald. The latter, who plays both saxophone and flute, clarinet, guitar or keyboards, is then in a relationship with Judy Dyble, former singer of Fairport Convention, who collaborates with the band until it breaks with McDonald's. Another acquaintance of McDonald's enters the quartet's entourage: the lyricist Peter Sinfield. The arrival of Greg Lake, singer and bass friend of Fripp, who replaces a disillusioned Peter Giles, completes the first formation of King Crimson, which was born in November 1968. It is Sinfield who finds the name of the group.