The Pogues is a British folk rock band from London, England. He was successful during the 1980s and 1990s. The group specialized in Irish folk music (or even Celtic music) often played with the energy of the punk rock scene, from which many of the group's members came. Their music, unique and tinged with politics, was partly inspired by The Clash, with whom they had played (Joe Strummer had produced one of their albums). The Pogues used traditional Irish instruments such as the tin whistle, banjo, mandolin, accordion, and many others. In other incarnations of the group, after Shane MacGowan's departure, electronic instruments such as the electric guitar became more common. The group was initially formed in London, England, in 1982 under the name Pogue Mahone. This name was an English transcription of the Irish expression póg mo thóin, which means " kiss my ass ". The members of the Pogues met in a group called The Millwall Chainsaws in the 1970s, in which MacGowan (vocals), Peter "Spider Spider " Stacy (Irish flute), and Jem Finer (banjo)> participated. The band played for the first time at the Pindar of Wakefield on October 4, 1982>. From that time on, they added Jeremy Finer (guitar, banjo), Cait O'Riordan (bass guitar) and Andrew Ranken (percussion and harmonica) to their group. The band quickly developed a reputation, began to do original songs and ended up opening for Les Clash during their 1984 tour. They had to shorten their name to become "The Pogues", because the swear in their name made them refuse by some radios, and released their first album, Red Roses for Me in 1985. Phil Chevron (guitar) joins the group shortly after. Then, with the help of Elvis Costello, the godfather of punk and new wave, they recorded their second album, Rum, Sodomy and the Lash, in 1985. The title of the album is a nod to a quote attributed to Winston Churchill, in which he criticized the traditions of the British navy. The cover of the album is a nod to the painting The Raft of the Medusa ; the group members were posing in Royal Navy uniform on the back of the cover. While the first album was mainly focused on traditional songs, Shane MacGowan develops his songwriting skills with this record, which presents some text songs> remarkably poetic. Their cover of The Band Played Waltzing Matilda is now better known than Eric Bogle's original. International success will come with a cover of Ewan MacColl Dirty Old Town.